Latin Name: Cephaelis ipecacuanha
Common name: Ipecac
Parts used: Root, rhizome
Medicinal actions: Expectorant, emetic (in higher doses), stimulant, diaphoretic.
Medicinal use: Chronic and acute bronchitis with a relatively dry cough with moderate amounts of thick mucous that is difficult to expectorate. In higher doses (see pharmacy section below), Ipecac will act as an emetic.
- Irritates the stomach lining and stimulates the vomiting center of the brain.
- Powder: 0.25–0.5g daily in divided doses (expectorant); 0.5-2g daily in single dose (emetic)
- Tincture: 0.25-1ml (1:5) once per day
- Syrup: in children 1-12 year old: 15 ml, followed by 100-200ml of water
Toxicity: Depression, drowsiness, arrhythmias, bradycardia, hypotension, atrial fibrillation, fatal myocarditis. Activated charcoal is an antidote to Ipecac toxicity. Erythema followed by pustules which may form into ulcers where it repeatedly contacts the skin.
Contraindications: Avoid use during pregnancy.
Interactions: None known