sarahearm has written 142 posts for The Naturopathic Herbalist

Rauwolfia serpentina

Rauwolfia serpentina                               Common name: Indian Snakeroot             Family: Apocynaceae Part used: Root Constituents: Indole Alkaloids (mainly reserpine) Actions: Hypotensive Medical uses:  Behavioural and Psychological Conditions: Has been used in the symptomatic treatment of agitated psychotic states such as schizophrenic disorders. Although other … Continue reading

Capsella bursa-pastoris

Capsella bursa-pastoris                             Common name:  Shepherd’s Purse Family: Cruciferae Parts Used:  Aerial parts Constituents:  Flavonoids, polypeptides, fumaric and bursic acids, choline, acetylcholine, histamine, quercitin, tyramine bases. Medicinal actions:  Astringent, styptic, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, urinary antiseptic, antipyretic, uterine stimulant. Medicinal use: Capsella is most indicated in mild cases of uterine … Continue reading

Smilax officinalis

Smilax officinalis                                Common name: Sarsaparilla Family: Liliaceae Parts used: Root Constituents:  Steroidal & glycoside saponins (smilagenin, sarsasapogenin, sarsaparilloside, sarsaponin), flavonoids (quercitin), phytosterols, starch, resin, testosterone & cortin hormones (controversial), B-sitosterol, stigmasterol glycosides, oxalic acid, fatty acids Medicinal actions:  General tonic, pituitary stimulant, metabolic stimulant, immuno-stimulant, antiseptic, antibiotic, Alterative, anti-inflammatory, anti-pruritic, anti-rheumatic, diaphoretic, alterative, aphrodisiac, testosteronic, progesteronic, diuretic, vulnerary  Medicinal use: It … Continue reading

Rhodiola rosea

Rhodiola rosea                                         Common name: Rhodiola, Golden root Family: Crassulaceae Parts used:  Root Constituents: Phenylpropanoids (rosavin, rosin, rosarin), phenylethanol derivatives (salidroside, rhodioloside), flavonoids, mono & triterpenes, phenolic acid Medicinal actions:  Adaptogen, tonic, stimulant, mental enhancer, anti-stress, antioxidant, immuno-stimulant, cardioprotective Medicinal … Continue reading


Populus sp.                             Common name: Poplar Family: Salicaceae Parts used: Bark Constituents: Phenolic glycosides (salicin and populin), Tannins. Medicinal actions: Anti-inflammatory, anodyne, astringent, diuretic, stimulant Medicinal use: Populus spp. are used for their antiinflammatory and diuretic actions.The bark will lessen the inflammation and associated pain of cystitis … Continue reading

Phytolacca decandra/americana

Phytolacca decandra/americana                       Common name:  Pokeweed, poke root Family: Phytolaccaeae Parts used:  Root Constituents:  Alkaloids (phytolaccin, phytolaccanin), Sapogenin (phytolaccagenin), phytolaccosides, lectins (polysaccharides), phytolaccic acid, resin, tannin, mucilage proteins, histamine, GABA. Medicinal actions:  Relaxant alterative, anti-rheumatic, mild anodyne, emetic, purgative, fungicide, anti-parasitic, anti-viral, anti-bacterial, lymphatic, mild analgesic, immuno-stimulant, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, … Continue reading

Quercus alba

Quercus alba                              Common name:  White oak Family: Fagaceae Part used: Bark Constituents:  Tannins (up to 15-20% consisting of phlobatannin, ellagitannins, and gallic acid) Medicinal actions:  Astringent, hemostatic, antiseptic Medicinal use: Quercus is used in the treatment of pharyngitis as a gargle, in the treatment of diarrhea as tea or tincture, and in the treatment of hemorrhoids as … Continue reading

Commiphora molmol

Commiphora molmol                                 Common name:  Myrrh Family: Burceraceae Parts used:  Oleo-gum resin Constituents:  Volatile oil (heerabolene, cadinene, elemol, eugenol, cuminaldehyde, numerous furanosesquiterpenes), resins (commiphoric acids, commiphorinic acids, heeraboresene, heerabolmyrrhols, commiferin), gums, sterols, tannins Medicinal actions:  Mucosal stimulant, expectorant, antiseptic, astringent, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, carminative, … Continue reading

Brassica alba/nigra

Brassica alba/nigra                   Common name: Black mustard, mustard Family: Cruciferae Parts used:  Seed Constituents: Fixed oil (30%) , Sinapine , Sinapic acid, Fixed oil, Protein, Mucilage. Medicinal actions: Rubefacient, counter-irritant, stimulant, diuretic, emetic Medicinal use:  Mustard seed powder has been used historically as a topical application to create a counter-irritant effect. … Continue reading

Viscum album

Viscum album                                            Common name: Mistletoe Family: Loranthaceae Part used: Whole herb (leaves & branches) Constituents: Lectins (viscotoxins), Flavonoids, Acetylcholine & choline derivatives, alkaloids, polypeptide, polysaccharides, phenolic compounds: caffeic acid, syringin, eleutherosides, sterols: triterpenes, amines: histamine, tyramine Actions: Antihypertensive, Sedative, Antitumour, Diuretic, Vasodilator, Antispasmodic, Anti-inflammatory, Immune enhancer Medical uses:  Primary hypertension – Used as an alternative … Continue reading

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