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Uncaria tomentosa

Common name:  Cat’s Claw Family: Rubiaceae  Part used: Inner bark of roots & stems Constituents: Oxindole alkaloids: isopteropodine, pteropodine, mitraphylline, isomitraphylline, uncarine F, speciophylline, 3-isoajmalicine, 19-epi-3-isoajmalicine, uncarine B Plant sterols: beta sitosterol (80%), stigmasterol, campesterol Polyphenols: Catechin tannins,  epicatechin, proanthrocyanidins & Flavonoids Quinovic acid glycosides Polyhydroxylated triterpenes Medicinal actions: Anti-inflammatory Antioxidant Anti-neoplastic (Antileukemic) Antimicrobial (Anti-viral) Hypotensive Immune stimulant … Continue reading

Artemisia absinthium

Artemisia absinthium              Common name: Wormwood Family: Asteraceae Parts used: Leaf & flowering top Constituents: Volatile oils (thujone, absitol, azulenes), terpenoids, bitter sesquiterpenes & bitter sesquiterpene lactones (artemisinin), triterpenoid, flavone glycoside, hydroxycoumarins Medicinal actions:  Anti-parasitic, anthelmintic, anti-neoplastic, bitter tonic & digestive stimulant, carminative, anti-microbial, choleretic, emmenagogue, aromatic, mental stimulant, narcotic, immuno-stimulant, anti-inflammatory, emmenagogue, diuretic. Medicinal use:   CNS depressant and … Continue reading

Hamamelis virginiana

Hamamelis virginiana                                Common name:  Witch Hazel Family: Hamameliadaceae Parts used:  Leaves, Bark Constituents: Leaves:  Tannins (hydrolyzable gallotannins & condensed catechins and proanthocyanin), flavonoids, quercitin, VO. Bark:  Tannins (hydrolyzable hamamelitannins & condensed d-gallocatechin, l-epigallocatechin, l-epicatechin), saponins, VO, resin. Medicinal actions:  Astringent, anti-inflammatory Medicinal uses:  Should only be used topically for the treatment of hemorrhoids, varicose veins, bruises and inflamed swellings … Continue reading

Gaultheria procumbens

Gaultheria procumbens                            Common name: Wintergreen Family: Araliaceae Parts used: Inner root bark Constituents: Volatile oil: methyl salicylate, oenanthic alcohol (n-heptan-1-ol) Medicinal actions: Stimulant, aromatic, astringent, carminative, analgesic, rubefacient, diuretic, galactagogue Medicinal use: Its main use is pain reducing and anti-inflammatory. It is commonly used to … Continue reading

Dioscorea villosa

Dioscorea villosa                                   Common name:  Wild yam Family: Dioscoriaceae Parts used: Root Constituents: Steroidal saponins based on diosgenin (dioscin, dioscorin, and others), Starch, Alkaloids, Tannins, Phytosterols Medicinal actions: Antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, cholagogue, diaphoretic, analgesic, anti-tussive, anti-asthmatic, expectorant, anti-diabetic, vasodilator, cardiac sedative, bitter, hepatic, diuretic Medicinal use: Is most indicated in inflammatory conditions of the gastrointestinal tract, joints, uterus and ovaries.  Wild yam … Continue reading

Lactuca virosa

Lactuca virosa                                        Common name: Wild Lettuce Family: Asteraceae Part used: Dried leaves, latex (milky juice) Constituents: Acids (mallic, citric, oxalic), alkaloids, sesquiterpene lactones (lactucin, lactulone, lactupicrin, lactucic acid), flavonoids (quercitin, apigenin, luteolin), coumarins Actions: Nervous system relaxant, sedative, analgesic, hypnotic, narcotic, antispasmodic Medical … Continue reading

Baptisia tinctoria

Baptisia tinctoria                                    Common name: Wild Indigo Family: Fabaceae Part used: Root Constituents: Alkaloids, glycoprotein, oleo-resin, Isoflavones (genistein), flavonoids, coumarins, polysaccharides, bitter principle (baptisin) Actions: Anti-microbial, antiseptic, anti-catarrhal, astringent, immuno-modulating, immuno-stimulant, febrifuge, anti-pyretic, alterative, mild cardiac agent, emetic &purgative (high dose), laxative, emmenagogue Medical uses: Wild … Continue reading

Verbena officinalis

Verbena officinalis                                  Common name:  Vervain Family: Verbenaceae Parts used:  Aerial Constituents: Iridoid glycosides (0.2%-0.5%):  verbenalin, hastatoside, verbanaline; Caffeic acid derivatives:  verabscoside; volatile oil; Mucilage; Bitter substances (inc. verbenalol); Tannins; Alkaloid. Medicinal actions: Parasympathomimetic, anti-spasmodic, mild analgesic, nervous system tonic, bitter, emmenagogue. Medicinal use: A digestive … Continue reading

Rheum palmatum

Rheum palmatum                            Common name:  Turkey rhubarb Family: Polygonaceae Parts used:  Rhizome Medicinal actions:  Astringent, aperient, sialogogue Constituents:  Anthraquinone glycosides including emodin, tannins, stilbene derivatives, volatile oil, rutin, fatty acids, calcium oxalate. Medicinal use:  Rheum palmatum is used for its laxative effects. Rheum is indicated … Continue reading

Thymus vulgaris

Thymus vulgaris                                 Common name: Thyme Family: Lamiaceae Part used: Aerial Constituents:  Volatile oil up to 3% inc. terpines such as thymol, carvacrol, borneol, and cineol; Tannins; Bitters; Resin; Flavonoids; Gums. Medicinal Actions:  Anti-septic, anti-helmintic, anti-viral, anti-bacterial, astringent, expectorant, secretolitic (decreases over-secretions), spasmolytic. Medicinal use:  The uses for thyme fall into the main categories of pulmonary, urinary, … Continue reading

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