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Ziziphus jujuba

Common name: Jujube Family: Rhamnaceae Parts used: Seed & Berries (Fruit) Constituents:      Triterpenoid Saponins: jujubosides A & B      Triterpene acids (e.g. betulinic acid, oleanolic acid, ursolic acid, betulonic acid, oleanonic acid, and ursonic acid)      Alkaloids (sanjoinine A & nuciferine)      Flavonoids (Rutin & quercetin)      Phytosterols      Polysaccharides (Pectin)      Vitamins (C, B & others) & Minerals (Potassium, Calcium, … Continue reading

Uncaria tomentosa

Common name:  Cat’s Claw Family: Rubiaceae  Part used: Inner bark of roots & stems Constituents: Oxindole alkaloids: isopteropodine, pteropodine, mitraphylline, isomitraphylline, uncarine F, speciophylline, 3-isoajmalicine, 19-epi-3-isoajmalicine, uncarine B Plant sterols: beta sitosterol (80%), stigmasterol, campesterol Polyphenols: Catechin tannins,  epicatechin, proanthrocyanidins & Flavonoids Quinovic acid glycosides Polyhydroxylated triterpenes Medicinal actions: Anti-inflammatory Antioxidant Anti-neoplastic (Antileukemic) Antimicrobial (Anti-viral) Hypotensive Immune stimulant … Continue reading

Artemisia absinthium

Artemisia absinthium Common name: Wormwood Family: Asteraceae Parts used: Leaf & flowering top Constituents: Volatile oil (thujone, absitol & azulenes) Bitter sesquiterpenes & sesquiterpene lactones (artemisinin, absinthin, artabsin &  santoinin) Flavone glycosides Hydroxycoumarins Lignans Medicinal actions:   Anti-inflammatory Antimicrobial Anti-neoplastic  Anti-parasitic (anti-malarial) Bitter Carminative Choleretic Diuretic Emmenagogue & Uterine stimulant Nervine tonic     Medicinal use: The … Continue reading

Hamamelis virginiana

Hamamelis virginiana                                Common name:  Witch Hazel Family: Hamameliadaceae Parts used:  Leaves, Bark Constituents: Leaves:  Tannins (hydrolyzable gallotannins & condensed catechins and proanthocyanin), flavonoids, quercitin, VO. Bark:  Tannins (hydrolyzable hamamelitannins & condensed d-gallocatechin, l-epigallocatechin, l-epicatechin), saponins, VO, resin. Medicinal actions:  Astringent, anti-inflammatory Medicinal uses:  Should only be used topically for the treatment of hemorrhoids, varicose veins, bruises and inflamed swellings … Continue reading

Gaultheria procumbens

Gaultheria procumbens                            Common name: Wintergreen Family: Araliaceae Parts used: Inner root bark Constituents: Volatile oil: methyl salicylate, oenanthic alcohol (n-heptan-1-ol) Medicinal actions: Stimulant, aromatic, astringent, carminative, analgesic, rubefacient, diuretic, galactagogue Medicinal use: Its main use is pain reducing and anti-inflammatory. It is commonly used to … Continue reading

Dioscorea villosa

Dioscorea villosa                                   Common name:  Wild yam Family: Dioscoriaceae Parts used: Root Constituents: Steroidal saponins based on diosgenin (dioscin, dioscorin, and others), Starch, Alkaloids, Tannins, Phytosterols Medicinal actions: Antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, cholagogue, diaphoretic, analgesic, anti-tussive, anti-asthmatic, expectorant, anti-diabetic, vasodilator, cardiac sedative, bitter, hepatic, diuretic Medicinal use: Is most indicated in inflammatory conditions of the gastrointestinal tract, joints, uterus and ovaries.  Wild yam … Continue reading

Lactuca virosa

Lactuca virosa                                        Common name: Wild Lettuce Family: Asteraceae Part used: Dried leaves, latex (milky juice) Constituents: Acids (mallic, citric, oxalic), alkaloids, sesquiterpene lactones (lactucin, lactulone, lactupicrin, lactucic acid), flavonoids (quercitin, apigenin, luteolin), coumarins Actions: Nervous system relaxant, sedative, analgesic, hypnotic, narcotic, antispasmodic Medical … Continue reading

Baptisia tinctoria

Baptisia tinctoria                                    Common name: Wild Indigo Family: Fabaceae Part used: Root Constituents: Alkaloids, glycoprotein, oleo-resin, Isoflavones (genistein), flavonoids, coumarins, polysaccharides, bitter principle (baptisin) Actions: Anti-microbial, antiseptic, anti-catarrhal, astringent, immuno-modulating, immuno-stimulant, febrifuge, anti-pyretic, alterative, mild cardiac agent, emetic &purgative (high dose), laxative, emmenagogue Medical uses: Wild … Continue reading

Verbena officinalis

Verbena officinalis                                  Common name:  Vervain Family: Verbenaceae Parts used:  Aerial Constituents: Iridoid glycosides (0.2%-0.5%):  verbenalin, hastatoside, verbanaline; Caffeic acid derivatives:  verabscoside; volatile oil; Mucilage; Bitter substances (inc. verbenalol); Tannins; Alkaloid. Medicinal actions: Parasympathomimetic, anti-spasmodic, mild analgesic, nervous system tonic, bitter, emmenagogue. Medicinal use: A digestive … Continue reading

Rheum palmatum

Rheum palmatum                            Common name:  Turkey rhubarb Family: Polygonaceae Parts used:  Rhizome Medicinal actions:  Bowel tonic (mild stimulant laxative), astringent, aperient, sialogogue Constituents:  Anthraquinone glycosides including emodin, tannins, stilbene derivatives, volatile oil, rutin, fatty acids, calcium oxalate. Medicinal use:  Rheum palmatum is used for its … Continue reading

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