Cynara scolymus Common name: Artichoke
Part used: Leaf, flower, root
Constituents: Caffeic acid derivatives (cynarin), sesquiterpene lactones, flavonoids
Actions: Hypolipidemic, bitter digestive stimulant, cholagogue, choleretic, hepato-trophorestorative, diuretic, antioxidant
Medical uses: Used in cases of dyslipidemia and digestive debility. For poor digestion including indigestion, hypochlorhydria, abdominal distension, flatulence, IBS, liver and gallbladder problems. Will also bring down high blood levels of lipids and fats and help prevent arteriosclerosis. Is a source of nutrients and fiber and stimulates bowel motility.
Pharmacy: Infusion: 2tsp/cup, taken freely. Juice. Tincture: (1:2, 60%), 3-8ml QD.
Contraindications: Active peptic ulcers and inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract.
Toxicity: None expected.
Interactions: Increases gut motility, thus may theoretically decrease the absorption of many drugs if taken simultaneously.