Bacopa monnieri

Bacopa monnieri                                     Common name:  Bacopa, Brahmi, Water hyssop

Family: Scrophulariaceae

Parts used:  Aerial parts

Constituents: Steroidal saponins (bacosides), triterpene (bacosine), alkaloids (brahmine, herpestatine)

Medicinal actions: Cognition & memory enhancer, nerve tonic, brain tonic, mild sedative, mild anti-convulsant, mild adaptogen, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, cardiotonic, vasocontrictor, bitter, emetic, laxative & diuretic (leaf), aphrodisiac

Medicinal use: Bacopa has a reputation for enhancing circulation to the brain, thereby increasing short and long-term memory, promoting learning and longevity. It improves concentration, mental performance and cognitive function as a whole and can be used in disorders of the nervous system usch as insomnia, anxiety, stress, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease. It can be taken internally or applied topically for rheumatic conditions, joint pain and neuralgias.


  • Balances GABA and glutamate levels in the brain which in turn promotes orderly nerve cells firing as well as having antioxidant effects.
  • Steroidal saponins (bacosides) increase protein kinase activity and protein synthesis in the long-term memory brain regions.
  • Bacosine has analgesic effects.
  • The alkaloid brahmine is toxic in very large doses.

Pharmacy: Powdered herb: 5-10g, QD. Extract: 300mg, QD. Capsule: 3000mg BID. Skin rub: skin mixed with oil applied prn. Tincture: (1:2, 25%), 5-13ml QD. Note: It may take 4 weeks to see effects.

Contraindications: None known.

Toxicity: No adverse effects reported.

Interactions: None reported.


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