Prunus serotina Common name: Wild cherry
Parts used: Bark
Constituents: Prunasin (cyanogenic glycoside which is hydrolyzed by prunase to hydrocyanic acid), benzaldehyde, eudesmic acid, p-coumaric acid, scopoletin, tannins, sugars.
Medicinal actions: Antitussive, sedative, astringent
Medicinal use: The specific indications of Prunus are a continual irritative cough with profuse muco-purulent expectoration; cardiac palpitation, from debility; dyspnea; pyrexia; loss of appetite; and cardiac pain. Prunus strongly sedates the cough reflex. For this reason, the primary use for Prunus is to allay irritated coughs.
Pharmacy: Infusion: 1 tsp dried bark/cup, 1 cup TID. Tincture: (1:5), 2-4 ml TID.
Toxicity: Prolonged use > cyanogenic glycosides