Salvia officinalis Common name: Sage
Part used: Aerial
Constituents: Volatile oil (1-2%) (thujone), Diterpene & Triterpenes, Phenolic compounds including rosmarinic acid, Tannins, Resin, oestrogenic substances, camphor salvene & pinene
Actions: Astringent, Antiseptic, Antimicrobial, Anti-catarrhal, Estrogenic, Reduces sweating, Carminative
Medical uses: A classic remedy for inflammations of the mouth, throat and tonsils. It is good for: gingivitis, glossitis, mouth ulcers, laryngitis, pharyngitis, and tonsillitis. It is a valuable carminative used in dyspepsia. Phytoestrogenic compounds may have use in teh treatment of hot flashes. As a compress it promotes the healing of wounds.
Pharmacy: Infusion: 1 tsp/cup of boiling water. Fresh and dry liquid extract 10-40 drops 1-4 times per day.
Contraindications: During pregnancy because of its emmenagogue and abortifacient effect. Lactation due to the possibility of reduced milk flow.
Toxicity: Do not use in high doses or for long term because of the mutagen thujone
Interactions: None known.