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Solidago virgaurea

Solidago virgaurea                     

Common name:  European Golden Rod

Family: Asteraceae

Part used: Aerial (flowers)

Constituents:

  • Triterpenoid Saponins
  • Flavonoids (rutin & quercitin)
  • Phenolic glycosides (leiocarposide & virgaureoside)
  • Phenolic acids (caffeic & chlorogenic acids)
  • Tannins
  • Volatile oil
  • Polysaccharides
  • Salicylates

Medicinal actions:

  • Analgesic
  • Anti-microbial
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-lithic
  • Astringent
  • Anti-catarrhal
  • Diuretic
  • Hepatic
  • Immunomodulator

 

 

 

 

 

 

Medicinal uses:

  • Has traditional use in Western Herbal Medicine for chronic nasopharyngeal catarrh or inflammation and influenza. Would be specifically indicated for use in low grade and persistent inflammation & catarrh of the upper respiratory tract (e.g. sinus congestion, allergic rhinitis and sinusitis), and to promote diuresis in urinary infections, inflammations, and in nephrolithiasis prevention.

Pharmacology:

  • Saponins are antimicrobial, immuno-modulating and have anti-tumor effects.
  • Flavonoids are anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and diuretic.
  • Volatile oils are antimicrobial & anti-fungal.
  • Cytotoxic effects seem to be related to the presence of triterpenoids, which inhibit the lyase activity of DNA polymerase.

Pharmacy:

  • Infusion: 1 tsp/cup, infuse 15 min, TID.
  • Tincture: (1:2, 45%), 3-6 ml QD. 40 ml weekly max.
  • Capsules: 1-3 g, QD.
  • Topical as poultice or compress.

Toxicity:

  • Avoid in known salicylate or Asteraceae allergy, renal and cardiac insufficiency (especially with edema), and in children due to theoretical potential for Reyes Syndrome.

Contraindications

  • Avoid in known salicylate or Asteraceae allergy, renal and cardiac insufficiency (especially with edema), and in children due to theoretical potential for Reyes Syndrome.

Interactions: None reported.

References:

  • Find a complete list of references for this monograph as well as images and a review of its evidence based applications in Dr. Marciano’s Herbal Textbook.
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