Viola tricolor Common name: Heartsease, Wild Pansy
Part used: Aerial
Constituents: Flavonoids (rutin), salicylates, nutrients (zinc), saponins, mucilage, gum, resin
Medical actions: Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-pyretic, anti-allergic, expectorant, alterative, capillary tonic, laxative, diuretic, vulnerary, anti-acne, anti-rheumatic
Medical uses: Specific for eczema and skin eruptions with serous exudates (especially with rheumatic symptoms). Can be used both internally and topically for any skin disorder with purulent discharge (psoriasis, acne), and also for autoimmune diseases and edema. Topical use for cradle cap, diaper rash, weeping sores, itchy skin, varicose ulcers and ringworm. As a diuretic can be used for dysuria associated with cystitis and as well as STIs with discharge. Will also be of benefit in capillary fragility, easy bruising and atheroslcerosis. Additionally will act as an expectorant for phlegm in the lungs, bronchitis and whooping cough.
- Flavonoids, and especially rutin are anti-inflammatory and will strengthen capillaries and small vessels.
- Salicylates are anti-inflammatory.
- Saponins and mucilage are demulcent, especially in the upper respiratory tract.
Pharmacy: Tincture: (1:5, 25%), 2-4ml TID. Dried herb: 2-4g, TID. Infusion: 1 tbsp/cup, infuse 15 min, TID. Capsules: 250mg, 2 caps TID. Compress, ointment, skin wash, food (fresh flowers in salad).
Contraindications: None known.
Toxicity: High doses may cause nausea and vomiting and allergic skin reactions. Root is emetic in high doses and has been used to induce vomiting in cases of poisoning.
Interactions: None reported.