Chionanthus virginicus Common name: Fringetree
Parts used: Rootbark
Constituents: Largely unknown; chionanthin (hemolytic saponin glycoside), phyllyrin (lignin glycoside).
Medicinal actions: Alterative, choleretic, cholagogue, diuretic, tonic, antiemetic, laxative.
Medicinal use: All types of liver and gall-bladder complaints. Indicated in inflammation of the gall-bladder and gall stone gravel as it stimulates the release of bile. This action lends it its laxative effect.
Pharmacy: Infusion: 1-2 tsp bark/cup water, 1 cup TID. Tincture (1:5, 25%), 1-2 ml TID.
Contraindications: Chionanthus should not be used in cases of impacted stones or malignant growths obstructing the duct.
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