Piper nigrum Common name: Black pepper, white pepper
Parts used: Fruit
Constituents: Volatile oil (2%-4%) [Black pepper]: B-bisabolene, camphene, B-caryophyllene, etc. Alkaloids: piperine (11%), piperanin, piperettine, piperolein A and B, piperidine; Fixed oil.
Medicinal actions: Carminative, stimulant
Medicinal use: The medicinal use of pepper is primarily as a digestive stimulant and carminative. The volatile oil and alkaloids create a spasmolytic effect in the gastrointestinal system.
Pharmacy: 1/2 – 1 tsp whole pepper seed / cup water; decoct.
Toxicity: Do not use pepper internally in individuals with active ulceration.