Common name: Marigold, Calendula
Parts Used: Flowerheads & petals
- Triterpenoid & Steroidal saponins
- Bitter resin (calendulin)
- Mucilage & Polysaccharides
- Volatile oils
- One of the best herbs for treating local skin problems such as first aid treatment of minor burns and scalds with a lotion, poultice or compress.
- Internally is anti-inflammatory in the gastrointestinal tract (eg. gastric or duodenal ulcers)
- Has marked anti-fungal activity and may be used internally and externally to combat such infections.
- Stimulates the drainage of enlarged, inflamed lymph nodes and is specific for the lymphatics in the breast and pelvic tissues.
- As an emmenagogue it has a reputation of helping delayed menstruation and painful periods.
- Saponins have mild phytoestrogenic activity, decrease tissue swelling, increase capillary perfusion of tissue and along with flavonoids decrease inflammation.
- Immuno-stimulating properties are derived from the polysaccharides and volatile oil.
- Anti-fungal properties are only found in a tincture it is the resins that are anti-fungal and these need 90% EtOH for extraction.
- Vulnerary actions are due to the xanthophyls (which stimulate granulation tissue), mucilage and volatile oil.
- Infusion: 1-4 g/cup TID.
- Tincture: (1:5, 60%) 1-4ml TID or (1:5, 90%) 0.3-1.2ml TID.
- Creams, ointments, oils, poultices, suppositories, and fresh plant succus.
Toxicity: An extremely safe herb without documented side effects.
Contraindications: Avoid internally in pregnancy due to potential emmenagogue effects.
Interactions: None known.